Title : Advances of high-voltage consolidation of powder materals
The main features of the method of high-voltage consolidation of powder materials and the resulting advantages and limitations of this method are considered. The method of high-voltage consolidation of powders is effective for the production of refractory composite materials that retain their strength properties at ultrahigh temperatures under aggressive external influences. The short duration of hightemperature exposure in the process of high-voltage consolidation makes it possible to preserve the structural-phase state of the initial powder material in the consolidated compact material. A feature of this method is the high density concentration of the released energy in the area of contacts between powder particles. In this case, the initial state of the surface of powder particles (the thickness and structure of oxide films, the presence of foreign impurities, etc.), the shape of powder particles and their sizes significantly affect the regularities of high-voltage consolidation processes. Along with the characteristics of the powder, the determining factors are: the rate of input of the energy of the electromagnetic field into the powder material, the magnitude and nature of the mechanical pressure acting on the powder compact in the process of high-voltage consolidation. The high energy density in the particle contact zones leads to a local change in the state of aggregation of the powder substance in these zones. Along with the inhomogeneity of powder heating in interparticle contacts, a macroscopically inhomogeneous distribution of the current density in the volume of the consolidated sample is possible. The formation of the structure of a powder material during high-voltage consolidation is determined by processes of different scales occurring at interparticle contacts, in powder particles, in the bulk of the entire sample, and by the mutual influence of these processes. Further development of this method is associated with a detailed experimental study of thermal processes during high-voltage consolidation of powders of refractory materials using pulsed photometry. Experimental studies of the parameters of high-voltage electrical impulse action in the process of consolidation of high-temperature TaC and HfC powder compositions have been carried out. Registration of the parameters of a high-voltage current pulse and the intensity of thermal radiation of the consolidated powder materials was carried out using a measuring complex developed by the authors. This complex includes: a Rogowski coil with an integrating circuit, which registers the parameters of a highvoltage current pulse; photodiode sensors that register the intensity of thermal radiation, which is transmitted through a special optical waveguide from consolidated powder compacts; systems for
triggering and synchronizing the components of the measuring complex. The analysis of the emerging thermal electromagnetic radiation from the surface of the consolidated powder sample in the process of high-voltage consolidation is carried out in the visible radiation range, ranging from λr=650 nm to λr=950 nm.
A criterion has been established that determines the range of optimal technological parameters of highvoltage
consolidation for the creation of refractory high-density materials. Possible directions for further research into the process of high-voltage consolidation of powder materials are proposed.
What will audience learn from your presentation?
- The audience will be able to use the experimental complex for registration of a high-voltage pulse current parameters and the intensity of thermal radiation of the consolidated powder materials.
- This experimental complex will help the audience in their study of the process of highvoltage consolidation of powder materials.
- This research of high-voltage consolidation processes of powders other faculty could use to expand their research and teaching.
- The results of this research provide a practical solution to a problem of powder consolidation that make a designer’s job more efficient.
- This research provides new information to assist in a design problem consolidation of powder materials.