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Igor V Shevchenko, Speaker at Materials Science and Engineering Conference
M.P. Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, Ukraine
Title : Structuring of water clusters under the solar influence and their copying by bulk water. Influence of the sun on the night side of the earth.


Even 0.02% water in acetonitrile can form clusters, the size and chemical reactivity of which can change under the influence of the Sun in a very wide range. Bulk water added to such acetonitrile can copy and reproduce these original clusters and acquire different hydrolytic activities depending on the size of the copied clusters. As a result, the rate of hydrolytic reactions with the added water can vary greatly depending on where the acetonitrile was located before the reaction - outdoors, inside buildings or underground. [1]  This discovery sheds light on the water memory phenomenon and explains the reason for its experimental instability.  

The influence of the Sun is accounted for by the decomposition of water clusters by muons, which are generated in the upper atmosphere by the solar wind. Due to the anisotropy of the muon flux the rate of hydrolysis depends on the geometry of the reaction solution, its position in space and constantly changes during the day depending on the position of the Sun in the sky. [2]

For example, at noon, when the Sun is at its zenith, the rates of this reaction in three 5-mm NMR-tubes directed North-South, East-West and Vertically are considerably higher in the horizontal tubes, and at sunrise and sunset when the Sun shines along the East-West line the rate is higher in the vertical tube.

It was logical to assume that at night when the Sun irradiates the opposite side of the Earth, it cannot have the same influence as during the day, and the rates of this reaction in multidirectional NMR-tubes should become equal. However, experiments carried out at midnight did not confirm this. At night the rate of hydrolysis decreases substantially, but the distribution of rates remains the same as at noon - in the vertical tube the rate is significantly less than in the horizontal tubes. The same distribution of triethyl phosphite hydrolysis rates in multidirectional tubes day and night allows us to conclude that on the night side of the Earth the influence of the Sun is inducing the appearance of some radiation vertically from underground. The mechanism of the solar influence at night requires a detailed comprehensive study. Measuring the rate of hydrolysis of triethyl phosphite in acetonitrile in multidirectional 5-mm NMR-tubes at different locations on Earth at different latitudes may help to explain this fundamental phenomenon, which is important for biological, chemical, physical and environmental research.


Dr. Shevchenko studied Chemistry at the Kiev University, Ukraine and graduated as MS in 1979. He then worked at the Institute of Organic Chemistry in Kiev and received there his PhD degree in 1985. In 1990 he won Alexander von Humboldt scholarship and until 1996 was invited scientist at the Braunschweig University in Germany and  at the Sothern Methodist University in Dallas Texas USA. Then he worked in Kiev at the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry and the Institute of Geochemistry Mineralogy and Ore Formation, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. He has published more than 60 research articles.