Local and renewable resources are referred to as green materials. Green materials are now described as non-toxic materials that improve occupant health, reduce costs, and conserve energy, water, and waste products. Non-toxic materials are those that do not affect the environment, the people who use them, or the people who manufacture them. Green materials also have low embodied energy throughout the harvesting, collection, production, transportation, and usage processes. To produce new and better materials, material scientists collaborate with chemical and biological engineers. Sustainable materials are made utilising energy-saving procedures, or the materials themselves are produced from sustainable sources, or the carbon footprint of the material is decreased.
Environmental Materials can be defined as Pollutants, chemicals, contaminants, wastes, toxic substances, petroleum and petroleum products, or any other chemical, material, or substance that, due to its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, is limited or regulated for health and safety reasons by any governmental authority, or that poses a serious current or potential hazard to human health and safety or the environment if released.
The importance of global environmental protection and industrial activation coexisting becomes critical. This is because, for example, danger signals such as frequent unusual weather clearly suggest that a sustainable society is important. As a result of this context, the application of the "green" idea in chemical technology and material development becomes necessary for a sustainable society.