Failure analysis is a technical approach for determining the root cause of a product's or equipment's failure, as well as an inadvertent design, manufacturing, or other invisible fault in a continuous process. Failure analysis has evolved into a critical method for determining the cause of engineering component or machine failures. Repair and operation breakdown costs serve as a warning to designers, engineers, and manufacturers about whether to keep old machines that are worth fixing or whether the machines or components need to be redesigned. The goal of failure analysis is to discover the root cause of a failure (i.e., root cause), ideally with the goal of eliminating it and identifying ways to prevent it from happening again.
Corrosion is a multi-step process that involves chemical, electrochemical, and even biological processes. Several sectors lose millions of dollars each year as a result of this harmful process. As a result, novel material technologies, corrosion protection systems, and evaluation procedures are in high demand. There have been significant advancements and discoveries in the field of materials science in recent years, many of which have interesting implications for corrosion resistance and protection.