The Materials Sector includes a diverse spectrum of commodity-related manufacturing industries. Sustainability, light weighting, 3D printing, and surface engineering are all hot topics in the materials sector, as are intelligent materials, nano-formulations, and new composites with improved properties. Furthermore, increased adoption of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and data management strategies encourages scientists to investigate and develop novel materials considerably more quickly, reducing time-to-market from decades to only a few years. Metal and mining sectors need a lot of energy and water, and they also produce a lot of trash. Iron and steel production, as well as aluminium production, make up the primary metal industry. Over the last 30 years, this industry has reduced its energy use by 46%.